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History of the Czechoslovakian frontier-police dogs
Hereafter you find a brief history of the Czech “Border Patrol bloodlines”; frontier-police dogs/ bloodlines. I will try and explain why these regulations can be seen next to those of the German Shepherd population. And why these particular dogs are seen as the most authentic working dog in the world by a small group of admirers.
It was before 1989 Czechoslovakian Revolution which stopped the communistic regime.
The breeding of German Shepherds in the Czechoslovakian Republic was purely meant for breeding working- and service dogs. This breeding was concentrated on one kennel in particular, owned by the Czechoslovakian army; Pohranicni Straze (border patrol). During the communistic regime there were approximately 30 people a day working in this kennel. Were other dogs would take their heels, these dogs were expected to protect their handlers when attacked by persons trying to cross the border illegal. It was also their job to stop these offenders at an attempt to escape.
Czech k9 car
pictures: ALPINE SAFETY K-9 INTERNATIONAL
In 1956, the border patrol owned three breeding stations in Domazlice, Libejovice and Prackovice, this way guaranteeing a constant supply and selection of service dogs. Every breeding station was situated at a border patrol base and was seen as a primary national safety project. Only persons and staff that were screened and authorised were given entrance. The bitches were covered, had their nest of puppies and after this, the training was done in-house completely. The staff existed of trainers, veterinary surgeons, breeding experts and kennel workers. Once trained, the Pohranicni Straze dogs were mainly used for border patrol at the German and Austrian borders to prevent the running over of Czechs and other Eastern block inhabitants.
Nowadays the kennel name is still the same: “Pohranicni Straze”. The kennel is now supervised by the Pohranicni police (border patrol). The breeding program is being supervised by the head of breeding: Mr. Jiri Novotny, who has been in charge since 1981. He probably is one of the few civil servants who was able to stay up with the turnaround from the communistic regime to present regime. The breeding stations are still situated at army bases. Entrance is still very limited due to national safety.
Gep z Pohranicni straze ZVV1
Xero z Pohranicni straze SchH 3, IPO 3
The breeding material exists of approximately 80 breeding bitches and 30 stud dogs. Every stud dog is fully certified and has to perform his duties as working dog in practice. The breeding program is closed for outsiders and other bloodlines. However, there are 3 kennels that make an exception to this and have a co-operation with Pohranicni Straze. These partners are: “Jipo-me”, a kennel in partnership with Mr. Jiri Novotny and a good friend of his. “Z-Jirkova dvora”, owned by Mr. Novotny’s father. And “z Blatenskeho Zamku”, owned by Zdenek Koubek”. The breeding program of these 3 kennels is under the supervision of Mr. Novotny.
The demands made by the Czechoslovakian border patrol section K9 have of course changed after the downfall of the communistic regime. The need for service dogs however has increased! The Czechoslovakian police is now co-operating with their German colleagues, mainly for border patrols regarding illegal contraband trade. And putting a stop to the illegal persons trying to reach Germany for economic reasons, coming from countries such as Ukraine, Russia and other East European and not-European countries. Were most illegals, in search for a better life in the West, do not resist when arrested, the criminal groups are not prepared to surrender without a fight. Often the police experience heavy resistance with pointed weapons or fire-arms. The dogs of the Pohranicni Straze have to work every day in this highly unsafe environment, specially at night time. Therefore, the life of these dogs is constantly in danger. To meet up to these high expectations the breeding program contains very strict criteria were courage, character, vitality, endurance an health are concerned.